The NGO Forum on Cambodia

Joint Principle for Adaptation (JPA) and Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS): Disability Inclusive on Disaster

 Joint Principle for Adaptation 1

Recently, NGOF has been also promoting JPA as well as CHS in the radio programme and stakeholder consultation workshop hosted by the Voice of Disable People saying it was a good tool to ensure good governance, in specific term of participation & support of disable people in the DRR/CCA planning process. These activities had been organized by Cambodian Disabled People's Organization (CDPO). 

As a civil society initiative for promoting effective and equitable adaptation, Southern Voices developed JPAs with the aim to promote multi-stakeholder participation in the of policies on climate change adaptation.

This use of JPAs could be seen as a very innovative exercise, introducing many new tools and approaches for mainstreaming of climate change in our regular practices. JPAs are seen as a benchmark to ensure effective and equity based climate change application. While it will be a learning process this will also be one that will help share experiences of Cambodia with others in different parts of the world.

The Project Coordinator for NGOF and partners of SV-Adapt, Mr. Sey Peou commenced that so far in our planning and implementing on CCA/ DRR & emergency response, through our JPA, VRA and HVCA conducted at the time of project design, we take into account the most vulnerable groups including Disable People. He commented on the need to secure the grassroots through capacity building and to focus on a more inclusive representation of vulnerable groups including by taking into account the capacity of women, people with disability and the differently-abled people in disaster situations.
Joint Principle for Adaptation 2

Mr. Sey Peou said that “people with disability is one of most vulnerable group due to low response capacities that need to be more prioritized. They face more asset loss and damage. People with disabilities (physical and mental), the chronically ill and elderly are frequently the worst affected by disasters as they tend to be the most impoverished and may require assistance in evacuation to the safe areas. I don't see any institution who pay specific attention to the disable in DRR. However, there are still very general interventions for the disable. In our humanitarian response, a few NGOs like JAG: CSO group on DRR. The Disaster Management (DM) Law approved in 2015 and Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction, Paris Agreement on Climate Change signal an excellent start to this process, but it must be implemented well and monitored carefully”. He also call for enable meaningful participation of key relevant stakeholders (including Civil Society Organizations, UN entities, Development Partners, people with disabilities, ethnic minority groups, children and women) in disaster management activities from the community to the national level and promoting partnership at all levels is essential, especially by supporting community leadership and capacity for local level action. Communities need to be at the center of planning, designing and implementing such initiatives in partnership with all stakeholders.

The following minimum disability and age sensitive aspect should be considered:
- We need to have disaster preparedness and response plan and DRR plan that address the need and concerns of the disable in DRR/CCA.
- So it's important to map out any relevant policy and institution to integrate DRR for support of the disable people.
- Understanding of different risks among disable is very important. There should be relevant government ministry or agency to provide special attention in support their capacity strengthening and preparedness.

- We have the existing structure both National and Sub national DM structure, strengthening it. DM secretariat and ministries involve such as NCDM, MoE, MOEF, MoT, MAFF, Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sport (MEYS) Ministry of National Defense (MND), Ministry of Cults and Region Affair…etc
- The DM law highlights a bit about the priority of the disable but not detail of how or who need to work ann support them. So it's important to map out any relevant policy and institution to integrate DRR for support of the disable people.
Please noticed Cambodia is consistently ranked amongst the most vulnerable countries to climate change, disaster-vulnerable countries in South-East Asia and one of the three most vulnerable in Asia . This is because the country is exposed to frequent flooding and other unpredictable rainfall events as well as to tropical storms and sea-level rise and has a low adaptive capacity . A recent vulnerability assessment found that 17.2% of communes were found to be "highly" vulnerable and 31.5% to be "quite" vulnerable to multiple climate change hazards, namely floods, typhoons, forest fires, landslides. storms and droughts .
For example the 2011 and 2013 floods, a 2003 study by the UN’s World Food program (WFP), MoWRAM, and NCDM, indicat¬ed 270 out of 1,621 communes in Cambodia are prone to drought.

Joint Principle for Adaptation 3
In September 2009, weak¬ening Typhoon Ketsana struck northeastern Cambodia after hitting Vietnam and the Philippines, as one of the most severe storms to ever hit the country. The worst damage occurred in Kampong Thom Province in the central part of the country. About 14 out of 24 provinces were affected. Forty-three people were reported killed and more than 66,000 families were displaced by floodwaters.

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